FAQs - Cervical Cancer Screening
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a viral infection that's passed between people through skin-to-skin contact. There are over 100 varieties of HPV, more than 40 of which are passed through sexual contact and can affect your genitals, mouth, or throat.
HPV commonly causes skin or mucous membrane growths (warts). Some types of HPV infection cause warts, and some can cause different types of cancer. While most HPV infections don't lead to cancer, some types of genital HPV can cause cancer of the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina (cervix). Other types of cancers, including cancers of the anus, penis, vagina, vulva and back of the throat (oropharyngeal), have been linked to HPV infection.
These infections are often transmitted sexually or through other skin-to-skin contact. Vaccines can help protect against the strains of HPV most likely to cause genital warts or cervical cancer.
Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in the cells of the cervix — the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina. Various strains of the human papillomavirus (HPV), a sexually transmitted infection, play a role in causing most cervical cancer. When exposed to HPV, the body's immune system typically prevents the virus from doing harm. In a small percentage of people, however, the virus survives for years, contributing to the process that causes some cervical cells to become cancer cells.
You can reduce your risk of developing cervical cancer by having screening tests and receiving a vaccine that protects against HPV infection.
Nearly all cervical cancers are caused by HPV infections, but cervical cancer may take 20 years or longer to develop after an HPV infection. The HPV infection and early cervical cancer typically don't cause noticeable symptoms. Getting vaccinated against HPV infection is your best protection from cervical cancer.
Because early cervical cancer doesn't cause symptoms, it's vital that women have regular screening tests to detect any precancerous changes in the cervix that might lead to cancer.
Women ages 25 to 65 are advised to continue being screened every three years, or every five years if they also get the HPV DNA test at the same time. Women over 65 can stop testing if they've had two HPV DNA and Pap tests with no abnormal results.
YES! Cervical cancer does not run in the family. Almost all cervical cancers are associated with an HPV virus infection in your cervix, which can happen to any adult woman. Timely identification of the presence of the HPV virus can help protect you against cervical cancer.
Pap smear (or liquid based cytology, LBC in its advanced form) requires you to visit your Gynecologist and undergo an invasive gynaec examination to collect the sample. GeneclinicX, with its self-collection option, empowers you to collect your own sample and have it examined by an HPV DNA test which is 2 to 3 times more sensitive than a traditional Pap/LBC.
The Kit, which will be delivered to your home, allows for self-collection of a cervico-vaginal sample, along with a very simple, easy to understand set of instructions on how to use it. If you prefer, you can also visit us at our brand new, modern and inviting GeneClinicX facility at Safire Park Galleria in Wakdewadi, Shivajinagar, Pune where you can self-collect your sample and leave it with us.
If you’re uncomfortable or unsure about how to use the sample self-collection kit, we’d be pleased to guide you in this process via a one-time, free pre-test consultation with one of our counsellors at the GeneClinicX location. Make an appointment now by calling us or chatting with us.
When we deliver the Kit to you, you can collect your sample and then call us to arrange for the pick-up.
Follow the easy instructions provided with our Kit to collect a vaginal sample using the CE- IVD approved collection brush. Collecting a vaginal sample is safe, painless and easy. Here is a short animation that explains the steps.
Please do NOT collect your sample if you are currently experiencing your menstrual flow (wait until your period is over) or if you are suffering from vaginal bleeding/discharge.
If you have any questions or experience any discomfort while collecting your sample, please call us on +91-20-7153-1631
We will run the test on your sample at our world-class ICMR and NABL approved lab, and the test report will be shared with you by email in about one week.
This is how we suggest you interpret your test result.
What it means
HPV has not been detected in the sample, indicating an extremely low risk of developing cervical precancer or cancer in the next few years. You should undergo a repeat screening test for cervical cancer every 3 to 5 years.
This indicates that you could be at an elevated risk of developing cervical cancer, or there is a pre-cancerous wound on your cervix, or in rare cases the presence of cervical cancer. In case of a positive result, we will provide detailed counselling to discuss next steps.
A day or so after emailing you your report, we will call you to arrange a time to counsel you about your test result. If your result is positive you may opt for a free post-test consultation with an expert GeneClinicX Counsellor who can simply and easily explain your test result and, if required, help you with any next steps, including referring you to a GeneClinicX preferred gynaecologist with whom you can continue exploring various treatment options.
We will reach out to you to schedule a counselling session either in person or over a phone call (whichever you prefer).
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